Communication Plans Template for a Successful Communication

What is meant by “plan” here is a written statement about everything that will or must be done? The nature of planning is always oriented to the future. By referring to this definition, we can say that communication planning is a written statement about a series of actions related to how a communication activity will or should be carried out in order to achieve behavioral change as the plan maker wants.

Communication plans can be said as a basic thing which is quite essential in a social communication activity, mainly to introduce or market products. Unfortunately, several things that occur can become a problem in planning communication. Thus, a communication plan must be constructed carefully and precisely, including in determining how a communicator speaks to the target market.

Stages of the Communication Plan

Effective communication is the cornerstone of any successful organization or project. It can ensure all stakeholders are on the same page, reducing misunderstandings and increasing overall efficiency. Here are the key stages of creating a communication plan:

Identifying Communication Problems

The first step in creating a communication plan is identifying. This could involve recognizing gaps in information flow, misunderstandings between team members, or a requirement for adequate communication channels. For example, a company might identify that remote workers often feel out of the loop due to a lack of regular updates.

Formulating Communication Objectives

Once the problems have been determined, the next step is formulating clear and measurable communication objectives. These objectives should handle the identified problems and deliver a clear path forward. For instance, a company with remote workers might set an objective to improve the frequency and quality of updates to remote group partners.

Conducting Strategic Planning

With clear objectives in place, the next step is strategic planning. It involves deciding on the methods and tools that will be used to achieve the communication objectives. In our example, the company might implement a weekly newsletter and regular video meetings to keep remote workers informed.

Operating Plan

The operating plan details the day-to-day activities that will implement the strategic plan. It could involve assigning responsibilities, setting timelines, and allocating resources. In the case of our example, the company might assign the task of creating the newsletter to the communications department and schedule regular video meetings.

Evaluating Plan Preparation

Once the plan is in operation, it’s important to evaluate its effectiveness regularly. It could involve gathering feedback, monitoring engagement levels, or assessing the impact on overall communication. If the company finds remote workers are still feeling out of the loop, they might need to adjust their communication plan.

Constructing Plan Recommendations

Based on the evaluation, recommendations can be made to improve the communication plan. It could involve adjusting the methods used, increasing the frequency of communication, or providing additional training for team members. For our example company, they might recommend additional training for managers on how to communicate with remote workers effectively.

See also  12+ Free Blank Check Examples and Templates (PDF & WORD)

Elements of a Communication Plan

A communication plan is more than just a document; it’s a roadmap to achieving your objectives. It’s crucial to understand its key elements:

The Objective

The objective is the desired outcome of your communication plan. It should be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART). For instance, an objective could be to increase customer engagement on social media by 20% over the next quarter. To optimize this element, ensure your objectives are clear and directly linked to your overall business or project goals.

The Action

The action refers to the steps you will take to achieve your objective. It could include launching a new marketing campaign, hosting a series of webinars, or implementing a new customer service strategy. To optimize this element, ensure your actions are well-defined and directly contribute to achieving your objective.

The Resources

Resources are the tools and assets you’ll use to carry out your actions. It could include your team members, software tools, budget, and other resources. To optimize this element, ensure you understand the available resources and plan how to use them most effectively.

The Implementation

Implementation is the process of putting your plan into action. It involves coordinating your resources, executing your actions, and monitoring progress toward your objectives. To optimize this element, establish clear roles and responsibilities, create a timeline for implementation, and set up a system for tracking progress.

How to Optimize Each Element for a Successful Communication Plan

Focusing on your objectives, ensuring your actions are strategic and well-planned, effectively using your resources, and closely monitoring your implementation process is important. Regular reviews and adjustments can keep your plan on track and ensure it’s delivering the desired results.

For instance, a company might optimize its objective by linking it directly to its business goals, such as increasing sales or improving customer satisfaction. They could optimize their actions by using data to inform their strategies, such as customer feedback or market research. 

Resources could be optimized by investing in training for team members or upgrading to more efficient software tools. Finally, implementation could be optimized using project management tools to track progress and adjust the plan as needed.

Tips and Best Practices for Constructing Effective Communication Plans

Here are some tips and best practices to help you construct an effective communication plan:

  1. Be clear and specific: Whether it’s your objectives, your audience, or your message, clarity and specificity are key. Avoid vague or ambiguous language.
  2. Keep your audience in mind: Consider your audience’s needs, preferences, and communication styles.
  3. Choose the right communication methods: Not all communication methods are equally effective for all audiences or messages. Choose the methods that best suit your specific situation.
  4. Monitor and adjust your plan: A communication plan is not set in stone. Regularly review your plan’s effectiveness and be ready to make adjustments as needed.
  5. Seek feedback: Be bold and ask for feedback on your communication plan. It can provide valuable insights and help you improve your plan.

Challenges in Constructing Communication Plans for Beginners

For beginners, constructing a communication plan can present several challenges. 

These include defining clear objectives, understanding the audience, crafting an effective message, choosing the right communication methods, and evaluating the plan’s success. 

It’s important to approach these challenges with patience and a willingness to learn and adapt.

See also  22 Expense Report Template Free Download

Types of Communication Plans


Communication plans can take various forms depending on the context, objectives, and audience. Here are some common types of communication plans:

Internal Communication Plan

An internal communication plan is designed to facilitate communication within an organization. It outlines how information should be shared among team members, departments, or divisions. This type of plan often includes guidelines for staff meetings, emails, internal newsletters, and other forms of internal communication.

External Communication Plan

An external communication plan focuses on communication between an organization and its external stakeholders, such as customers, partners, investors, or the public. It could involve public relations campaigns, customer service strategies, investor relations, or community outreach programs.

Crisis Communication Plan

A crisis communication plan guides an organization to handle a crisis. It outlines the roles and responsibilities, communication channels, and key messages to convey during a crisis. This plan is crucial for managing the organization’s reputation and maintaining trust with stakeholders during difficult times.

Project Communication Plan

A project communication plan is specific to a particular project within an organization. It outlines how information will be shared among the project team and other stakeholders. It can include project updates, meetings, reports, and other project-specific communications.

Change Management Communication Plan

A change management communication plan is designed to guide an organization through significant change, such as a merger, a major shift in strategy, or a new product launch. It outlines how to communicate the reasons for the change, the benefits, and how the change will be implemented.

Marketing Communication Plan

A marketing communication plan outlines how an organization will communicate with its customers and potential customers. It includes strategies for advertising, public relations, direct marketing, social media, and other forms of marketing communication.

Remember, no matter what type of communication plan you’re creating. It’s important to clearly define your objectives, understand your audience, and choose the most effective communication methods. Regularly review and adjust your plan as needed to ensure it remains effective.

Hazard Communication Plan

A hazard communication plan is a critical component of workplace safety. It outlines how to communicate about potential hazards in the workplace, such as dangerous chemicals or equipment. This plan typically includes information about hazard identification, safety data sheets, labeling procedures, and training programs. The goal is to ensure that all employees know potential hazards and understand how to protect themselves.

Stakeholder Communication Plan

A stakeholder communication plan focuses on communicating with individuals or groups with a stake in the organization or project. It could include employees, customers, shareholders, suppliers, community members, or government regulators. The plan outlines the stakeholders, what information they need, when and how they will receive it, and who is responsible for communicating with them. The aim is to ensure that all stakeholders are kept informed and can provide input where necessary.

Strategic Communication Plan

A strategic communication plan is a high-level plan that aligns communication efforts with the organization’s overall strategic goals. It outlines the key messages that the organization wants to convey, the target audience for those messages, and the methods and channels that will be used to deliver them. The plan also includes measures for evaluating the effectiveness of the communication efforts. A strategic communication plan helps ensure that all communication activities support the organization’s mission, vision, and objectives.

Communication Plan Template

They are various communication plan templates:

Communication Plan Template Excel

A spreadsheet allows you to manage and track your communication activities. The Excel format allows easy sorting, filtering, and tracking of communication tasks.

Communication Plan Template Word

It is a text document that outlines your communication plan. The Word format allows for easy editing and formatting of the plan.

See also  20 Landlord Reference Letter Example & Template Free

Communication Plan Template Project Management

It outlines how communication will be handled within a specific project. This type of template assures that all project stakeholders are informed and that communication supports the project’s objectives.

Communication Plan Template PPT

A communication plan template in PPT (PowerPoint) format is a slide presentation that outlines your communication plan. The PPT format allows for an easy plan presentation to a team or stakeholders.

Communication Plan Template Example

It is a sample communication plan that provides a real-world example of how a communication plan might be structured. It typically includes actual content, rather than just placeholders, to help guide you in creating your plan. This template type can be particularly helpful for beginners or those seeking inspiration.

Communication Plan Template PDF

It is a non-editable document that outlines a communication plan. The PDF format is useful for sharing the plan with others needing access to specific software like Excel or Word.

The Benefits of a Communication Plan

It is more than just a tool for organizing your messages and communication channels. It’s a strategic asset that can benefit your organization or project. Here are some of the key benefits of a communication plan:

Clarity and Consistency

A communication plan helps ensure everyone in your organization, or project is on the same page. It provides clear guidelines on what messages should be communicated, when and how they should be delivered, and who is responsible for communicating them. It leads to more consistent and effective communication.

Improved Stakeholder Engagement

By outlining who your stakeholders are and how you will communicate with them, a communication plan helps to improve stakeholder engagement. It ensures that all stakeholders receive the information they need promptly and appropriately, which can lead to increased trust and cooperation.

Better Decision Making

A communication plan can also support better decision-making. Ensuring all stakeholders have the necessary information can facilitate more informed and effective decisions.

Increased Efficiency

By outlining the communication responsibilities and timelines, a communication plan can help to increase efficiency. It can reduce the time spent on ad hoc communication and ensure that communication tasks are completed promptly.

Crisis Management

In times of crisis, a communication plan is invaluable. It can provide clear guidelines on communicating during a crisis, helping to manage the organization’s reputation and maintain stakeholder trust.

Evaluation and Improvement

Finally, a communication plan can support ongoing evaluation and improvement of your communication efforts. By including measures for evaluating the effectiveness of your communication, it can provide valuable insights that can be used to improve future communication.


A communication plan is a powerful tool that can benefit your organization or project. It can significantly enhance your communication efforts by providing clarity, improving stakeholder engagement, supporting decision-making, increasing efficiency, managing crises, and supporting evaluation and improvement.

Constructing communication plans is actually not too hard, but it can be quite complicated for those who never write it before. If this is the first time for you to construct communication plans, you may want to read the communication plan template that we provide here. Hopefully, these templates can help you a lot in constructing a communication plan so that it can be carried out successfully.


What is a communication plan?

It is a strategic copy that recaps how an association communicates with its stakeholders

Why is a communication plan important?

It is important because it ensures consistent and effective organizational or project communication. 

It helps to improve stakeholder engagement, support decision-making, increase efficiency, manage crises, and support the evaluation and improvement of communication efforts.

Who should be involved in creating a communication plan?

Creating a communication plan should involve key stakeholders, including management, team members, and potentially even customers or other external stakeholders. Getting input from various perspectives is important to ensure the plan is comprehensive and effective.

How often should a communication plan be updated?

It should be reviewed and updated regularly to stay effective. The exact frequency can depend on the nature of the project, but a good rule of thumb is to check the plan at least once a year or whenever there are important modifications.

What should I do if my communication plan isn’t working?

If it isn’t working, it’s important to identify the issues and make necessary adjustments. It could involve revising your objectives, changing your communication methods, or providing additional training for team members. Regular evaluation and adjustment are key to maintaining an effective communication plan.